CFP Réseaux & Histoire, Aix-en-Provence, 21-22 octobre 2020

Via Res-Hist and HNR: the call for papers for the next Res-Hist event.

Cfp: La sixième rencontre du groupe Res-Hist (Réseaux & Histoire) “Réseaux bipartis en histoire” + training at Aix-en-Provence, 21-22 octobre 2020

Workshop

Créé en 2013, le groupe Res-Hist est un collectif destiné à favoriser les échanges scientifiques autour des réseaux en histoire. Il organise des rencontres qui réunissent, autour d’une thématique donnée, les chercheur·se·s qui mettent en œuvre des analyses de réseaux dans leurs travaux, quels que soient les périodes étudiées, les objets d’analyse, l’état d’avancement des travaux ou le niveau d’études. Ces rencontres ont permis à des spécialistes venus de différents horizons de se rencontrer et d’échanger, à la fois en termes épistémologiques, méthodologiques et techniques.

Dans le sillage des précédentes rencontres qui se sont tenues à Nice (en 2013 puis en 2016), Toulouse (2014), Paris (2015) et Rennes (2019), nous organisons la sixième rencontre du groupe Res-Hist les 21 et 22 octobre 2020 à l’Université Aix-Marseille, en partenariat avec le projet ERC ENP-China. Notre initiative est également soutenue par le GDR Analyse de réseaux en Sciences humaines et sociales. Nous proposons que les contributeurs et contributrices de ces journées discutent de la thématique suivante : « Réseaux bipartis en histoire ».

Les travaux qui mettent en œuvre l’analyse de réseau sur des sources et des objets historiques ont longtemps porté, et portent encore dans leur grande majorité, sur des réseaux dits unipartis ou unimodaux, c’est-à-dire que les liens ne concernent qu’un seul type d’acteur (souvent, seulement des personnes physiques). Or les sources font apparaître des liens entre une grande variété d’entités (individus, organisations, lieux, événements, objets matériels ou culturels, etc.) qu’il est souvent intéressant d’étudier pour elles-mêmes, sans immédiatement essayer de les transformer en un réseau uniparti. Si les réseaux bipartis sont restés en retrait dans les travaux publiés jusqu’ici, c’est d’abord parce qu’ils apparaissent plus difficiles à étudier ; en effet, les principales techniques d’analyse et les algorithmes de visualisation ont été développés pour des réseaux unipartis.

Néanmoins, depuis une vingtaine d’années, les études empiriques donnant lieu à des réseaux bipartis se sont multipliées sur des sujets très variés, comme la présence de dirigeants à des conseils d’administration (corporate interlocks), les rôles d’acteurs dans des films, la participation de scientifiques à des colloques ou la co-publication dans des revues. En parallèle, les méthodes permettant d’analyser directement les réseaux bimodaux ont connu des progrès significatifs. Ce renouvellement appelle un effort de clarification et une réflexion critique autour de ces méthodes et de leur pertinence même pour l’analyse historique. C’est précisément le but de cette sixième rencontre que de faire dialoguer des chercheur·se·s qui mobilisent, dans des perspectives variées, les réseaux bimodaux.

Dans cette optique, nous invitons à proposer des contributions qui étudient des réseaux bipartis en s’interrogeant sur les enjeux méthodologiques qu’ils soulèvent – qu’ils concernent l’extraction de l’information dans les sources, la structuration des données, ou les techniques d’analyse et de visualisation (relevant de l’analyse de réseau ou d’autres méthodes).

Selon la formule consacrée lors des précédentes journées Res-Hist, les intervenant.e.s fourniront un texte (déjà publié ou non) qui sera mis en ligne à l’avance et présenteront leurs propos oralement en 20 minutes maximum, qui seront suivies par 30 minutes de débat et d’échange avec la salle. Des présentations par des invité.e.s et des ateliers de formation à l’analyse de réseaux et à ses logiciels seront également proposés avant les rencontres.

Les propositions de communication, d’une longueur d’une page (500 à 1000 mots env.) et accompagnées des nom, statut, affiliation et adresse mail, devront être adressées avant le 15 mai 2020 par courriel à Cécile Armand (cecile.armand@gmail.com) et à Christian Henriot (christian.r.henriot@gmail.com). Elles devront présenter brièvement le contexte de la recherche, les sources et les données utilisées, la méthode proposée et les résultats attendus.

Le résultat de la sélection sera communiqué à la fin du mois de juin 2020, après examen par le conseil scientifique. Les textes présentés seront fournis avant le 15 septembre 2020.

Pour les intervenant.e.s l’organisation prendra en charge une à deux nuitées et les repas au cours de la rencontre. Les frais de transport sont à la charge des intervenant.e.s ou de leur laboratoire.
Cette initiative est possible grâce au soutien de l’ERC ENP-China (AMU), de l’Irasia (AMU), du laboratoire TELEMME (AMU), d’AMU (ALLSH) et du GDR CNRS Analyse de réseaux en SHS.

Dates à retenir :

  • 15 mai 2020 : envoi des propositions
  • Fin juin 2020 : résultats
  • 15 septembre : envoi des articles finalisés pour mise en ligne
  • 21-22 octobre : 6e rencontres Res-Hist à Aix-Marseille Université

Les rencontres Res-Hist se dérouleront du 21 octobre (après-midi) au 22 octobre (soir). Elles seront précédées de deux journées d’initiation à l’analyse de réseaux les 19-21 octobre 2020 à Aix-en-Provence (voir les détails ci-dessous et l’appel ci-joint).

Comité scientifique

Laurent Beauguitte (CNRS-GDR Analyse de réseaux en SHS)
Pierre-Yves Beaurepaire (Université Côte d’Azur, CMMC)
Francesco Beretta (CNRS, LARHRA)
Claire Bidart (CNRS, LEST)
Pierre Gervais (Université Paris 3, CREW)
Claire Lemercier (CNRS-Sciences Po Paris)
Sylvia Marzagalli (Université Côte d’Azur, CMMC)

Comité d’organisation

Cécile Armand, Université Aix-Marseille (IrAsia)
Xavier Daumalin, Université Aix-Marseille (TELEMME)
Julien Dubouloz, Université Aix-Marseille (Centre Camille Julian)
Christian Henriot, Université Aix-Marseille (IrAsia)

Initiation (gratuite) à l’analyse de réseaux (19-21 octobre)

Cette formation est proposée par le groupement de recherche Analyse de réseaux en SHS, en collaboration avec le groupe Réseaux et Histoire. Elle se déroulera sur deux jours : elle débutera le 19 octobre après-midi et se terminera le 21 octobre à midi.

Cette formation s’adresse à toute personne engagée dans une démarche de recherche en SHS et souhaitant s’initier à l’analyse de réseaux (doctorant.e.s, IE, IR, MCF, etc.). Aucun prérequis n’est attendu.

La formation est gratuite ; le transport, l’hébergement et les repas des participant.e.s ne sont pas pris en charge. Le nombre de participant.e.s est limité à 20.

  • Date limite d’envoi des candidatures (2 pages comprenant un cv court et une lettre de motivation) : 31 mai 2020.
  • Date d’envoi des réponses aux candidat.e.s : 30 juin 2020

 

Training

En lien avec les sixièmes rencontres Res-Hist qui se tiendront à Aix-en-Provence les 21-22 octobre 2020, le groupement de recherche Analyse de réseaux en SHS, en collaboration avec le groupe Réseaux et Histoire, organise deux journées de formation à Aix-en-Provence les 19-21 octobre 2020. Cette formation débutera le 19 octobre après-midi et se terminera le 21 octobre à midi.Elle s’adresse à toute personne engagée dans une démarche de recherche en SHS et souhaitant s’initier à l’analyse de réseaux (doctorant.e.s, IE, IR, MCF, etc.). Aucun prérequis n’est attendu.La formation est gratuite ; le transport, l’hébergement et les repas des participant.e.s ne sont pas pris en charge. Le nombre de participant.e.s est limité à 20.Date limite d’envoi des candidatures (2 pages comprenant un cv court et une lettre de motivation) : 31 mai 2020.Date d’envoi des réponses aux candidat.e.s : 30 juin 2020

Submit your abstracts now for The Connected Past

We are delighted to announce the next Connected Past conference (networks and complexity in archaeology and history), which will take place in Aarhus Denmark on 24-25 September. The call for papers is open now until 15 March.
CALL FOR PAPERS
The Connected Past 2020: Artefactual Intelligence
September 24-25, Aarhus University
Abstracts (max. 250 words) should be sent to connectedpast2020@gmail.com
Deadline: March, 15th 2020*
Please include your name, affiliation, and your choice of session format (20 minute thematic presentation or 10 minute work-in-progress presentation)
*The scientific committee will seek to communicate its decision before mid-April 2020
Our keynote speakers are Marcia-Anne Dobres on agency in archaeology and Juan Barceló on Artificial Intelligence in archaeology.
Computational models used by archaeologists are becoming increasingly complex. We create and tackle ever larger datasets, include more parameters and make machines learn by themselves. Recent approaches to network theory in archaeology, and the historical sciences more generally, have embraced agents, agency and practice theory. But where does this leave objects? Since the earliest days of the discipline, objects have been at the core of the archaeologist’s enquiry. However, until recently, objects were left heavily undertheorised. With the advance of object-related theories, such as ANT or the New Materialism approaches, agency is extended not just to humans but to the objects and materials they handle as well. Does this mean that digital archaeologists and historians are to move from Artificial Intelligence to Artifactual Intelligence? And if so, how?
Being a community of scholars interested in recent theoretical and methodological innovations in archaeology and the historical sciences, the Connected Past Conference provides a forum for presenting and discussing ongoing work on the intersection between archaeology,  history, digital approaches and theory. The conference will be preceded by a two-day practical workshop (limited capacity, open call for participants to follow soon).
This year’s conference focuses specifically on the topic of artefacts, human and material agency, artificial and artefactual intelligence and their place within archaeological and historical network studies. In addition, we also welcome presentations on any topic related to archaeological or historical network research and complexity science.
We invite abstracts for 20-minute presentations on these and related topics for consideration to the scientific committee. In addition, there will be a session on general topics related to network science in archaeology and the historical sciences. We equally welcome abstracts for 10-minute presentations on work-in-progress.
Conference organisers:
Lieve Donnellan
Rubina Raja
Søren Sindbæk
Tom Brughmans
Get in touch!
Twitter: #TCPAarhus

CFP: computational approaches to Roman economy, EAA

At this year’s EAA there will be a session very close to my research interests: computational approaches to the Roman economy.

Be sure to submit your abstracts via the EAA website.

Deadline: 13 February 2020.

From abacus to calculus. Computational approaches to Roman Economy

Content:

The study of the Ancient economy is an interdisciplinary endeavour on the intersection of archaeology, classics and historical economy, that tries to reconcile evidence from written and material sources across a wide range of regions, with different degrees of data availability and diverse traditions of studying these sources. The ‘Roman economy’ is a concept that has many possible interpretations, and accommodates a wide range of case studies from estimating production capacities and local trade networks to Empire-wide investigations on demography, wealth distribution and trade volumes.

 

With the advent of ever-growing and better accessible digital datasets, increasing computer power and more sophisticated computer science approaches to data mining and modelling, the analysis of the Roman economy is now entering a new stage. We can now start to meaningfully connect disparate data sets and use formal computational modelling to explore their potential, e.g., to elucidate the mechanisms that led to the different economic trajectories in the various parts of the Empire, or to reconstruct the social and political networks that enabled economic growth.

 

In this session, we invite speakers to present studies of the Roman economy that have used computational modelling as a tool to bridge the gap between fragmented, disconnected data sets and interpretive frameworks. This can include but is not limited to:

– statistical modelling,

– data mining,

– agent-based modelling and simulation,

– network analysis,

– spatial modelling

– machine learning,

– or a combination of approaches.

 

These can be applied to any topic relevant to Roman Economy: demography, land use, trade networks, craft production, finance, administration and others. We are also welcoming more theoretically oriented papers on the role of computational modelling in historical economic studies of the Roman Empire and comparative case studies from other periods.

 

CFP: Historical Network Research 2020 Luxembourg 17-19 June 2020

Join us in Luxembourg for a fantastic new edition of the Historical Network Research conference! This is also a great venue for archaeologists to present their work.

CFP deadline: 20 February 2020.

Call for papers for HNR2020

The Historical Network Research community is very pleased to announce the call for papers for the next Historical Network Research conference which will take place at the University of Luxembourg, from Wednesday 17 until Friday 19 June 2020. The conference will run over three days opening with a workshop day and two conference days.

Social network analysis theories and methods have emerged as a persuasive extension of purely metaphorical uses of network concepts in historical research. The HNR conference series explores the challenges and possibilities of network research in historical scholarship and serves as a platform for researchers from various disciplines to meet, present and discuss their latest research findings and to demonstrate tools and projects.

The Historical Network Research community has its roots in the year 2009 when the first in a series of workshops on the application of network analysis in the historical disciplines took place. In 2019, the thirteenth workshop on „Networks Across Time and Space: Methodological Challenges and Theoretical Concerns of Network Research in the Humanities“ was hosted by the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz, Germany. In 2013, the European Digital Humanities research network Nedimah enabled us to organize the first international conference on Historical Network Research in Hamburg. This was followed by conferences in Ghent 2014, Lisbon 2015, Turku 2017, and Brno 2018. From 2013 onwards, we organised sessions on historical networks at the International Sunbelt Conferences of the International Network for Social Network Analysis (INSNA), and from 2014 on at the corresponding European Regional Conferences (EUSN). The year 2017 saw the publication of the inaugural issue of the Open Access Journal of Historical Network Research (www.jhnr.uni.lu). JHNR is devoted to the study of networks (social or otherwise) from a specifically historical perspective and encourages the exchange between different areas of historical research (in the broadest sense), the (digital) humanities at large as well as the social, information and computer sciences. These events and activities are supplemented by the website Historical Network Research (www.historicalnetworkresearch.org), which provides a bibliography, a calendar of events and an email newsletter.

For our 2020 conference, we welcome submissions for individual contributions discussing any historical period and geographical area. Authors may be historians, linguists, librarians, archaeologists, art historians, computer scientists, social scientists as well as scholars from other disciplines working with historical or archaeological data. Topics may include, but are not limited to:

  • Cultural and intellectual networks
  • Geospatial networks
  • Citizen science, crowdsourcing and other forms of public engagement
  • Networks extracted from texts
  • Networks and prosopography
  • Methodological contributions with immediate relevance for Historical Network Research such as missing data, temporality, multilayer networks, ontologies, linked data
  • Pedagogy, teaching, and digital literacy in Historical Network Research

Keynotes

The closing keynote will be delivered by Petter Holme, Specially Appointed Professor at the Institute of Innovative Research at the Tokyo Institute of Technology, the speaker for the opening keynote will be announced in the near future.

 

Workshops

Participants are invited to take part in one or two of three half-day-workshops:

  • Introduction to Social Network Analysis (Matthias Bixler, Independent Researcher)
  • Exponential Random Graph Models for Historical Networks (Antonio Fiscarelli, University of Luxemburg)
  • Analysis of Two-Mode Networks with Python (Demival Vasques Filho, Leibniz Institute of European History Mainz)

Formats

For HNR 2020 we welcome three types of proposals: (1) individual papers; (2) software/tool demonstrations and (3) posters. Abstracts should clearly state the title, name and affiliation of the authors and the presenters; if you have one please include your Twitter username, too.

1) Individual papers:

abstract (500-1000 words maximum, plus 3 citations) will be required for 20-minute papers (presentation 15 mins + 5 minutes for questions). The content of your abstract should be appropriate for the nature of the paper you intend to present. Your abstract should include:

  • Background – an overview of the topic and the research questions that will be addressed by your paper
  • Methods and data – an overview of the data used and the methods employed in your research
  • Findings – a description of the results of your research

You may also include a single figure that shows the key results or main argument of your paper. Figures should be submitted in a format that can be displayed in a standard web browser and should have a minimum resolution of 300 DPI. Citations should use the Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition Author Date style.

2) Software/tool demonstrations:

HNR provides an opportunity for demonstrations of software and tools for historical network analysis. Accepted demonstrations and tools will be presented within a main conference session (presentations 15 mins + 5 minutes for questions) and at demo booths during the poster presentations. Abstracts (200-500 words maximum) will be required and should include information on the novel contribution it makes, its state of development and licensing.

3) Posters:

Abstracts (200-500 words, plus 3 citations) will be required for posters. Your abstract should include:

  • Background – a brief overview of the topic or research questions addressed by the poster
  • Methods and data – a description of the data used and the methods employed
  • Discussion/findings – a discussion of the wider implications of your research for network analysis in history.

Submissions

Please submit your abstract by Thursday 20 February, 2020 (23:59 CET) via EasyChair (https://easychair.org/my/conference?conf=hnr2020#). Papers for presentation will be selected following a double-blind peer review procedure. Notifications of acceptance/rejection will be announced by 15 March 2020. The conference language is English.

Selected papers and posters will be invited to prepare a submission  for a peer-reviewed publication in the Journal of Historical Network Research (https://jhnr.uni.lu/).

Please do not hesitate to contact the organising team for any questions you may have at HNR2020@historicalnetworkresearch.org. Additional information on workshops, keynotes, and programme together with further practical information will be available shortly on the conference website.

Key dates

  • 20.02.2020: deadline for submissions via Easychair
  • 15.03.2020: notification of acceptance
  • 01.04.2020: registration opening
  • 15.06.2020: latest possible registration for participants
  • 17-19.06.2020: conference (1 day workshops, 2 days sessions)
  • 15.07.2020: invitation of selected articles to JHNR

Further information on the workshops will be provided on the conference website shortly.

Travel bursaries

Scholars without access to sufficient travel funds may apply for a travel bursary in parallel to submitting a paper or poster. A bursary will cover travel and accommodation costs for the duration of the conference. Please email a motivation letter together with a CV to HNR2020@historicalnetworkresearch.org. Only authors of accepted papers are eligible for bursaries.

We look forward to receiving your submissions!

With best wishes,

The HNR 2020 Organisers:

Tom Brughmans (Aarhus University)
Aline Deicke (Academy of Sciences and Literature | Mainz)
Marten Düring (University of Luxembourg)
Antonio Fiscarelli (University of Luxembourg)
Ingeborg van Vugt (University of Utrecht)

Linked Pasts 5: back to the (re)sources

Consider submitting a poster to Linked Pasts 5, or host a tutorial! A great series of events.

Call for Participation: Linked Pasts 5: back to the (re)sources

University Bordeaux Montaigne, Institute Ausonius

Bordeaux, 11-13 December 2019

Dear colleagues,

We are very pleased to invite you to contribute to Linked Pasts 5 Conference, which will take place at the University Bordeaux Montaigne, from Wednesday 11 until Friday 13 December 2019.

Linked Pasts is an annual symposium dedicated to facilitating practical and pragmatic developments in Linked Open Data in History, Classics, Geography, and Archaeology. It brings together leading exponents of Linked Data from academia, the Cultural Heritage sector as well as providers of infrastructures and library services to address the obstacles to, and issues raised by, developing a digital ecosystem of projects dedicated to interlinking online resources about the past.

This year’s symposium aims to centre on the questions of sources, understood here both in terms of ancient/‘historical’ sources, and in terms of data (re)source used in digital, LOD-related projects. We would like to focus on how, and why it is important to link back to the sources, as those are where the historical objects we are dealing with originate from. In this perspective, one target identified for this year is the consolidation of data models related to place, people, and historical sources, especially on how to model relationships between instances from these three classes.
This will be addressed through one panel on Places (keynote: Carmen Brando Lebas) and another on People (keynote: Charlotte Roueché), each followed by a breakout session.

The second aim of Linked Pasts 5 is to debate on infrastructures and LOD implementation. This key question will be addressed through a keynote by Gautier Poupeau (Institut national de l’Audiovisuel [INA], France; @lespetitescases), and a round-table gathering actors from national and supra-national infrastructures (Archaeology Data Service, DARIAH, dataforhistory.org and Huma-Num). We hope this will be the opportunity to share the best practices and present to the conference attendees potential solutions for data storing and publication.

The conference will start with a session where you will be able to participate in a hackathon or attend tutorials on LOD theoretical approaches and tools. There also will be a ‘rolling’ hackathon (running in parallel to breakout sessions) named LinkedPipes, which will be dedicated to tools and workflows, with the aim of producing a set of resources for people who want to do LOD.
Last but not least, Linked Pasts 5 will also provide an extensive poster session, followed by a reception.

Website and Complete CfP: https://linkedpasts5.sciencesconf.org/

Where: University Bordeaux Montaigne, France

When: 11-13 December 2019

Organizers: Alberto Dalla Rosa & Vincent Razanajao (Project PATRIMONIUM ERC-StG 716375 – Institute Ausonius – University Bordeaux Montaigne)

Email: linkedpasts5@sciencesconf.org

Linked Pasts 5: back to the (re)sources

Bordeaux, 11-13 December 2019

Description

Linked Pasts is an annual symposium dedicated to facilitating practical and pragmatic developments in Linked Open Data in History, Classics, Geography, and Archaeology. It brings together leading exponents of Linked Data from academia, the Cultural Heritage sector as well as providers of infrastructures and library services to address the obstacles to, and issues raised by, developing a digital ecosystem of projects dedicated to interlinking online resources about the past.

Initiated in 2015 at King’s College London, the second Linked Pasts symposium took place the following year at the Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia in Madrid. In 2017 it crossed the sea to the Stanford Humanities Centre and then returned to Europe last year, to the Mainz Centre for Digitality in the Humanities and Cultural Studies (mainzed). This year, Linked Pasts moved to the South-West of France and will take place at the Institute Ausonius, University Bordeaux Montaigne, from 11 to 13 December 2019.

Linked Pasts has given researchers and professionals from diverse backgrounds the opportunity to share ideas, methods, and workflows in the light of their own experiences and expertise — on the one hand interrogating current technical challenges, and on the other, working towards collective approaches to solving them.

Linked Pasts 5: back to the (re)sources

This year’s symposium aims to centre on the questions of sources, understood here both in terms of ancient/‘historical’ sources, and in terms of data (re)source used in digital, LOD-related projects. We would like to focus on how, and why it is important to link back to the sources, as those are where the historical objects we are dealing with originate from. In this perspective, one target identified for this year is the consolidation of data models related to place, people, and historical sources, especially on how to model relationships between instances from these three classes.

This will be addressed through one panel on Places (keynote: Carmen Brando Lebas) and another on People (keynote: Charlotte Roueché), each followed by a breakout session.

The second aim of Linked Pasts 5 is to debate on infrastructures and LOD implementation. This key question will be addressed through a keynote by Gautier Poupeau (Institut national de l’Audiovisuel [INA], France; @lespetitescases), and a round-table gathering actors from national and supra-national infrastructures (Archaeology Data ServiceDARIAHdataforhistory.org and Huma-Num). We hope this will be the opportunity to share the best practices and present to the conference attendees potential solutions for data storing and publication.

Hackathons and tutorials on LOD theoretical approach and tools

We will start the conference with a session where you will be able to participate in a hackathon or attend tutorials on LOD theoretical approaches and tools (see Call for participation below).

There also will be a ‘rolling’ hackathon (running in parallel to breakout sessions) named LinkedPipes, which will be dedicated to tools and workflows, with the aim of producing a set of resources for people who want to do LOD.

Linked Pasts 5 will also provide an extensive poster session (see below), followed by a reception.

Call for Participation

The Linked Pasts 5 welcomes Posters and Tutorials on LOD tools.

Posters

If you would like to present a poster, please submit an abstract (300 words maximum) to the Program Committee by 11:59pm HST 15 October 2019 (https://linkedpasts5.sciencesconf.org/user/submissions; you have to be registered first: https://linkedpasts5.sciencesconf.org/registration). Presenters will be notified of acceptance by 31 November 2019.

Introductive workshops / tutorials

If you would like to give a tutorial on the tool(s) you are developing, please send to linkedpasts5@sciencesconf.org a brief outline with full contact information, presenting your tool and what you intend to cover within a two hour time. Please mention any requirement for technical support.

The deadline for submitting workshops and tutorials is 11:59pm HST, 30 September 2019, with notice of acceptance by 15 October 2019.

Contactlinkedpasts5@sciencesconf.org

Linked Pasts 5 is supported by the Pelagios NetworkERC-StG 716375 PATRIMONIVMInstitut Ausonius, labex LaScArBx and the University Bordeaux Montaigne.

More information can be found at https://linkedpasts5.sciencesconf.org/

Two networks sessions at CAA2020 in Oxford: submit your abstracts!

Can’t wait for CAA 2020 in Oxford! It will be a great event in a great place of course, but also because we will host two network sessions. So if you work on anything even remotely related to archaeology and networks, you will find a good place to present it at one of our sessions. Submit your abstracts!

S32. Archaeological network research 1: spatial and temporal networks

S33. Archaeological network research 2: missing data, cross-disciplinary collaboration and teaching networks

Submit abstracts here

Deadline: 31 October 2019

When? 14–17 April 2020

Where? Oxford

Session abstracts:

S32.  Archaeological network research 1: spatial and temporal networks (Standard)

Convenors:

Philip Verhagen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Humanities
Tom Brughmans, University of Barcelona
Aline Deicke, Digital Academy, Academy of Sciences and Literature | Mainz
Natasa Djurdjevac Conrad, Zuse Institute Berlin
Grégoire van Havre, Universidade Federal do Piauí
Philip Riris, University College London

Explicitly including spatial or temporal information in network research is something that has come naturally to archaeologists. Our discipline has a long tradition of spatial analysis and of exploring long-term change in datasets and past phenomena. These are two areas where archaeologists did not look towards mathematicians, physicists and sociologists for inspiration, but rather developed original network methods based on a purely archaeological tradition. As such, they are some of the most promising research topics through which archaeologists can make unique contributions to network science.

But recognition of these contributions has still to materialise due to a number of challenges. How can we ensure these archaeology-inspired approaches become known, explored and applied in other disciplines? How precisely do these spatial and temporal archaeological approaches differ from existing network methods? What existing spatial and temporal approaches in archaeology show equal potential for inspiring new network research?

The spatial phenomena archaeologists address in their network research are rather narrow and can be grouped into three broad categories: movement-, visibility-, and interaction-related phenomena. The aim of network techniques in space syntax focus on exploring movement through urban space, whereas least-cost path networks tend to be used on landscape scales. Neither of these approaches have equivalents in network science (Verhagen et al. 2019). Archaeology has a strong tradition in visibility studies and is also pioneering its more diverse use in network research (Brughmans and Brandes 2017). Most visibility network analyses tend to explore theorised visual signalling networks or visual control over cultural and natural features. Most network methods used for exploring interaction potential between past communities or other cultural features belong to either absolute or relative distance approaches: such as maximum distance network, K-nearest neighbours (sometimes referred to as proximal point analysis (PPA)), beta-skeletons, relative neighbourhood network or Gabriel graph. These, however, are derived from computational geometry and have a long tradition in network research and computer science. Moreover, this is a not a field in which archaeologists seem to push the boundaries of network science (with perhaps a few exceptions; Knappett et al. 2008).

There are a few commonalities between the archaeological applications of these movement, visibility and interaction networks. They tend to be network data representations of traditional archaeological research approaches (e.g. viewsheds, least-cost paths, urban settlement structure, community interaction), and they tend to be applied on spatially large scales with the exception of space syntax (inter-island connectivity, landscape archaeology, regional visual signalling systems). How can we diversify spatial archaeological network research? How can we go beyond making network copies of what archaeologists have done before and rather draw on the unique feature of network data (the ability to formally represent dependencies) to develop even more original spatial network techniques? This seems to us like an eminently possible task for archaeologists.

Despite being at the core of archaeological research, the use of temporal (or longitudinal) network data is common but incredibly narrow in archaeological network research. By far the most common application is to consider dating evidence for nodes or edges and to chop up the resulting networks into predefined categories that could have a typological, culture historical or chronological logic (e.g. artefact type A; Roman Republican; 400-300 BC). This process results in subnetworks sometimes referred to as snapshots, the structure of which are explored in chronological order like a filmstrip. A significantly less common approach is to represent processes of network structural change as dynamic network models (e.g. Bentley et al. 2005), or to represent dynamic processes taking place on top of network structures (e.g. Graham 2006).

This research focus of temporal archaeological network research is not at all representative of the diverse and critical ways archaeologists study temporal change. How can the archaeological research tradition inspire new temporal network approaches? How can the use of dynamic network models become more commonly applied? What temporal approaches from network science have archaeologists neglected to adopt? How can, for example, studies modelling the evolution of networks suggest explanations for the levels of complexity observed in past networks?

This session welcomes papers on archaeological network research including but not exclusive to these challenges. We also invite you to present your work on the topics of missing data, cross-disciplinary collaboration and teaching networks in the linked session ‘Archaeological network research 2’.

References

Bentley, R., Lake, M., & Shennan, S. (2005). Specialisation and wealth inequality in a model of a clustered economic network. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32(9), 1346–1356. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.03.008

Brughmans, T., & Brandes, U. (2017). Visibility network patterns and methods for studying visual relational phenomena in archaeology. Frontiers in Digital Humanities: Digital Archaeology, 4(17). https://doi.org/doi.org/10.3389/fdigh.2017.00017

Graham, S. (2006). Networks, Agent-Based Models and the Antonine Itineraries: Implications for Roman Archaeology. Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, 19(1), 45–64. https://doi.org/10.1558/jmea.2006.19.1.45

Knappett, C., Evans, T., & Rivers, R. (2008). Modelling maritime interaction in the Aegean Bronze Age. Antiquity, 82(318), 1009–1024. Retrieved from http://antiquity.ac.uk/Ant/082/1009/ant0821009.pdf

Verhagen, P., Nuninger, L. & Groenhuijzen, M. R. (2019). Modelling of pathways and movement networks in archaeology: an overview of current approaches. In: Verhagen, P., J. Joyce & M.R. Groenhuijzen (eds.) Finding the Limits of the Limes: Modelling Demography, Economy and Transport on the Edge of the Roman Empire. Cham: Springer, p. 217-249. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-04576-0_11

S33.  Archaeological network research 2: missing data, cross-disciplinary collaboration and teaching networks (Standard)

Convenors:

Grégoire van Havre, Universidade Federal do Piauí – Department of Archaeology
Tom Brughmans, University of Barcelona
Aline Deicke, Digital Academy, Academy of Sciences and Literature | Mainz
Natasa Djurdjevac Conrad, Zuse Institute Berlin
Grégoire van Havre, Universidade Federal do Piauí
Philip Riris, University College London
Philip Verhagen, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Department of Humanities

New challenges emerge as network research becomes ever more common in archaeology: can we develop new network methods for dealing with missing archaeological data, how can cross-disciplinary collaborations be leveraged to make original contributions to both archaeology and network science, and how do we teach archaeological network research in the classroom?

Although a range of techniques exist in both archaeology and network science for dealing with missing data and data uncertainty, the fragmentation of the material record presents a challenge – made more explicit through the use of formal methods – that is hard to tackle. Much of the task of identifying network science equivalents of archaeological missing data techniques remains to be done, and there is a real need for identifying how archaeological approaches could lead to the development of new network mathematical and statistical techniques. But by far most pressing is the need to formally express data uncertainty and absence in our archaeological network research.

Like many other aspects of archaeological network research, this challenge should be faced through cross-disciplinary collaboration with mathematicians, statisticians and physicists. Archaeological network research has a great track record of such collaborations, but not all of them have been successful and not all archaeologists find it equally easy to identify collaborators in other disciplines. How can we facilitate the communication between scholars with different disciplinary backgrounds? How can we foster archaeological network research that holds potential contributions to archaeology as well as other disciplines? What events and resources should be developed to provide a platform for cross-disciplinary contact and collaboration?

Now that archaeological network research is slowly becoming recognised as an archaeological subdiscipline in its own right, the topic increasingly finds itself in the curriculum of postgraduate modules and summer schools. But this rapid growth is almost exclusively marked by research and has neglected the development of teaching resources and approaches. What resources are necessary? What lines of argumentation and case studies are particularly powerful for convincing students of the need to see network research as part of our discipline? Which foundations (e.g. data literacy, statistics, and more) have to be laid to facilitate the widespread adoption of formal methods in general into our research processes?

This session welcomes papers on archaeological network research including but not exclusive to these new challenges.  We also invite you to present your work on the topics of spatial and temporal networks in the linked session ‘Archaeological network research 1’.

 

CAA 2020 Oxford call for a networks session

Please see below the call for sessions for the CAA 2020 conference in Oxford. I will be attending and would love to co-chair a network research session. If anyone is interested in brainstorming with me about a possible network topic for the session and in co-chairing the session with me then please do get in touch in the coming days.
We are delighted to announce that the call for sessions for next year’s international Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology conference (CAA 2020) is now open.  The call for sessions and submission form can be found here:
Call for sessions – CAA 2020

The closing date for session submissions is 18th July 2019.  Full details regarding the call for sessions can be found at the link above.

The conference will take place from 14th to 17th April 2020 in Oxford, UK, hosted by the School of Archaeology at the University of Oxford.  More details can be found in the following locations:

CAA2020 website: https://2020.caaconference.org/

CAA2020 on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/CAA_2020

CAA2020 on Facebook: Security Check Required

Email the CAA2020 team at: caa2020@arch.ox.ac.uk

CFP computational simulation in archaeology

The following session on computational simulation in archaeology will be of interest to readers of this blog.

Dear Colleagues,

The Science and Technology in Archaeology and Culture Research Center (STARC; http://starc.cyi.ac.cy/) of the Cyprus Institute (http://www.cyi.ac.cy/) is pleased to announce the dates for the 2nd International Congress on Archaeological Sciences in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East (ICAS-EMME 2): 12-14 November 2019. Abstract submissions are due on 30th of June, with acceptance notifications in mid-June 2019. More details are here: https://icasemme2.cyi.ac.cy/

We would like to bring the following session to your attention:

Computational Simulations in Archaeology: simulating city network dynamics in the Mediterranean basin.

Today it is widely recognised that computational methods can be used in archaeology to help understanding the transformation of urban conditions and phenomena in time by means of emergence, as well as to help testing and assessing research theories and hypotheses, by bringing together archaeological and environmental data with social systems. These approaches build on complexity theory, social science, urban modelling and economics, urban planning and geography, and network science. This session calls for research on the use of computational methods in the study of archaeological data at the urban scale, with a special focus on Mediterranean cities and city networks and interactions in the EMME region.

This session invites papers that seek to examine Mediterranean city networks, city life, and urban structure by using computational methods, such as:

*      complexity theory and use of archaeological data in urban simulations;

*      modelling / mapping of uncertainty;

*      spatial interaction models;

*      urban modelling and space syntax;

*      urban morphology;

*      geo-spatial data and simulation;

*      agent-based modelling, cellular automata, neural networks, swarm behaviour and emergence in archaeological studies;

*      virtual environments and real-time interactive visualisation of urban/spatial data, for immersion, education and interpretation purposes.

We also welcome papers that use digital tools and data analytics to study spatial interactions, flows, urban dynamics and morphology, and interpret urban phenomena, as well as theoretical papers that discuss the prospects and challenges of the science of cities in archaeology.

Georgios Artopoulos, Eleftheria Paliou and Thilo Rehren on behalf of the Organisation Team

Contact: icasemme2@cyi.ac.cy<mailto:icasemme2@cyi.ac.cy>

CFP 5th conference Réseaux et Histoire

I can definitely recommend submitting an abstract for the below conference!

Appel à communications pour la Cinquième rencontre du groupe Res-Hist (Réseaux & Histoire) « La personne en question dans les réseaux »
Rennes, 17-18 octobre 2019

Créé en 2013, le groupe Res-Hist est un collectif destiné à favoriser les échanges scientifiques des historien·ne·s travaillant sur les réseaux. Il organise des rencontres qui réunissent, autour d’une thématique donnée, les chercheur·se·s qui mettent en œuvre des analyses de réseaux dans leurs travaux, quels que soient les périodes étudiées, les objets d’analyse, l’état d’avancement des travaux ou le niveau d’études. Les précédentes rencontres à Nice (en 2013 puis en 2016), Toulouse (2014) et Paris (2015) ont permis à des spécialistes venus de différents horizons de se rencontrer et d’échanger, à la fois en termes épistémologiques, méthodologiques et techniques.
Dans le sillage de ces premières manifestations, nous organisons une cinquième rencontre du groupe Res-Hist les 17 et 18 octobre 2019 à l’Université Rennes 2, en partenariat avec la MSHB et l’URFIST, trois institutions qui valorisent les recherches sur les humanités numériques. Notre initiative est également soutenue par le GDR Analyse de réseaux en Sciences humaines et sociales. Nous proposons que les contributeurs et contributrices de ces journées discutent une thématique précise : « La personne en question dans les réseaux ». Les travaux historiques qui mobilisent les techniques spécifiques d’analyse de réseaux envisagent en effet souvent dans leurs analyses des « personnes ». Dans la majorité de ces travaux, ces personnes – comprises comme des individus – interviennent en tant qu’entités (réseaux de correspondance, d’intellectuels et de savants, de marchands, d’évêques, de nobles ou de paysans, réseaux égocentrés), une démarche aujourd’hui intuitivement compréhensible par référence aux réseaux sociaux numériques (Facebook, Twitter, etc).
Depuis quelques années toutefois, certains types de recherche s’interrogent davantage sur l’usage historique que l’on peut faire des « personnes ». Depuis les travaux précurseurs de John Padgett sur les Médicis, plusieurs historien·ne·s diluent ou dépassent en effet ces personnes, en focalisant leur analyse sur des entités-groupes (familiaux, religieux, économiques, associatifs) : les individus sont ainsi réduits à  représenter une entité plus globale, que certain.e.s sociologues qualifient de « cercles sociaux ou collectifs » qui dépassent les relations interpersonnelles qui le forment. Dans une perspective prosopographique, d’autres chercheur.se.s travaillent moins sur des « personnes » que sur des réseaux de « noms », de « titres » ou d’« attributs » qui renvoient certes parfois à des individus précis, mais qui ne peuvent être identifiés qu’en passant par les occurrences, c’est-à-dire par des réseaux de mots. Dans certains de ces travaux, consacrés à des sociétés polythéistes, les noms ne renvoient d’ailleurs pas toujours à des individus, mais à des puissances divines formant un système que le réseau permet d’analyser (réseaux de dieux et déesses scandinaves ou réseaux d’épithètes divines largement répandues dans le monde antique). Dans d’autres études, qui portent sur les situations de clandestinité à la période contemporaine, on peut s’interroger sur la manière adéquate d’associer ou de distinguer l’individu et son nom de couverture pour rendre compte au mieux des liens sociaux vécus ou supposés par les autorités. Enfin, dans certains travaux plus spatialisés, les personnes ne sont plus des entités, mais interviennent en tant que liens, par exemple dans les flux entre deux lieux (flux d’intellectuels, de marchands ou d’ambassadeurs).
Nous souhaiterions que les intervenant.e.s s’interrogent ainsi sur l’usage qu’ils/elles font des « personnes » dans les réseaux qu’ils/elles reconstituent et analysent. Quelle place leur réservent-ils/elles, en tant qu’entités ou liens ? L’analyse se situe-t-elle au niveau de la personne/individu, la dépasse-t-elle parfois pour s’intéresser plutôt à des « cercles sociaux » ? Qu’est-ce qui justifie de choisir un autre niveau d’analyse : en quoi est-ce un gain et/ou une perte d’informations ? Comment mettre en œuvre concrètement – c’est-à-dire d’un point de vue méthodologique et pratique, grâce à certains outils – la prise en compte d’entités-personnes et d’entités-cercles sociaux ? Dans les enquêtes prosopographiques ou dans les études des relations de parenté à partir des noms (A, fils de B), quels sont les arguments qui autorisent à passer des occurrences à l’individu sur le plan méthodologique ? Quand on traite les sources enfin, comment tenir compte des identités personnelles duales, associant un nom de naissance et un nom choisi au cours de la vie – que l’on songe aux changements de noms des candidats à la cléricature dans le christianisme, aux résistant.e.s souvent évoqué.e.s à travers un pseudonyme, ou encore aux personnes contraintes à changer d’identité pour échapper à la mort ?
Ce sont ces interrogations, et sans doute beaucoup d’autres, que soulève le thème de « la personne en question dans les réseaux ». Il s’agit en effet par là de poser plus largement le problème de l’accès à l’individu à travers des sources distinctes et des époques diverses, en valorisant les réponses que l’analyse de réseaux et les approches quantitatives peuvent y apporter. En définitive, le thème soulève la question fondamentale de la manière dont on pense, à travers un réseau, certaines catégories, qu’elles soient sociales, économiques, juridiques, onomastiques, familiales, etc., en articulation avec les types documentaires auxquels on est confronté.e.

Nous invitons donc les chercheur.se.s qui mettent à profit la notion de réseaux dans leurs recherches à participer à ces rencontres. À côté de l’objet de l’étude et des résultats obtenus, il s’agit de placer au cœur de la réflexion la manière dont ils/elles traitent les personnes dans leurs analyses (en tant qu’entités – globales ou pas –, en tant que liens, etc.,). Les propositions d’intervenant.e.s des précédentes rencontres Res-Hist tout comme celles de chercheur.se.s qui n’y ont pas assisté sont les bienvenues.
Selon la formule consacrée lors des précédentes journées Res-Hist, les intervenants fourniront un texte (déjà publié ou non) qui sera mis en ligne à l’avance et présenteront leurs propos oralement en 20 minutes maximum, qui seront suivies par 30 minutes de débat et d’échange avec la salle. Des présentations par des invité.e.s et des ateliers de formation à l’analyse de réseaux et à ses logiciels seront également proposés avant les rencontres.
Les propositions de communication, d’une longueur d’une page et accompagnées des nom, statut et adresse mail, devront être adressées avant le 31 mars 2019 par courriel à Karine Karila-Cohen (karine.karila-cohen@univ-rennes2.fr) et à Isabelle Rosé (rosisa@wanadoo.fr). Le résultat de la sélection sera communiqué à la fin du mois de mai 2019, après examen par le conseil scientifique. Les textes présentés seront fournis avant le 1er  septembre 2019. L’organisation prendra en charge une à deux nuitées, dans certains cas, et la plupart des repas au cours de la rencontre. Les frais de transport sont à la charge des intervenant.e.s ou de leur laboratoire.
Cette initiative est possible grâce au soutien du LAHM-CReAAH (Université Rennes 2 / UMR 6566), de Tempora (Université Rennes 2), de l’UFR Sciences sociales et l’Université Rennes 2, de l’URFIST, de la MSHB et du GDR CNRS Analyse de réseaux en SHS.

Comité scientifique
L. Beauguitte (CNRS-GDR Analyse de réseaux en SHS)
P.-Y. Beaurepaire (Université Côte d’Azur, CMMC)
M. Gasperoni (CNRS-Centre Roland Mousnier)
J. M. Imízcoz (Universidad del País Vasco)
K. Karila-Cohen (Université Rennes 2, Lahm-CReAAH, UMR 6566)
C. Lemercier (CNRS-Sciences Po Paris)
S. Marzagalli (Université Côte d’Azur, CMMC)
I. Rosé (Université Rennes 2, Tempora)
L. Van Hoof (Université de Gand)

Comité d’organisation
Karine Karila-Cohen, Université Rennes 2, LAHM-CReAAH (UMR 6566)
Isabelle Rosé, Université Rennes 2, Tempora (EA 7468)
Audrey Colloc, Université Rennes 2, Gestion/secrétariat de Tempora (EA 7468)
Alison Tribodet, Université Rennes 2, secrétariat de la cellule recherche pour le LAHM (UMR 6566)

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